Hormonal imbalances sometimes develop female-like breasts in men. This condition is known as gynecomastia or commonly referred to as ‘man-boobs’ that is caused by the swelling of breast tissues in males. While regular exercise expanding several months will marginally reduce this swelling, in order to have a chiselled body, one needs to be patient to see that result naturally. However, if you want to see quick results, you can opt for gynecomastia male breast reduction surgery.
Gynecomastia or breast hypertrophy in men is a condition of having abnormal enlarged breasts like a woman. Gynecomastia is a jumbled derivation from Latin and Greek language: Gyneco – ’woman’ + Latinised form of Greek mazos – ‘breast’ which is a variant of mastos.
It more commonly occurs on both sides of the chest in 70 per cent of the cases.There are two types of gynecomastia —True gynecomastia in which major component is enlarged glandular tissues and Pseudogynecomastia, where breasts develop due to deposition of fat in the breast area.
Causes of gynecomastia Breast enlargement is very common in some groups – many newborn babies, around 1/3 of teenagers and a large number of ageing men will experience some enlargement of their breasts.
In these groups the changes in hormone levels can be normal and often need no treatment. In babies and teenagers the breast swelling usually goes away on its own.
Men who are significantly overweight are very likely to feel some enlargement of their breast tissue – sometimes called ‘man boobs’. This is partly caused by fat tissue under the skin on the chest wall, and partly by true breast glandular tissue.
Fat tissue anywhere in the body encourages the formation of estrogen, and thus can lead to gynecomastia. To know more details on Gynaecomastia check Oksociety
The most common cause of gynecomastia in other men is medication. Boob swelling can be caused by a wide range of medicines including those used to treat:
A. Prostate cancer – such as flutamide
B. Stomach ulcers – including cimetidine
C. Anxiety – such as Valium
D. Depression (tricyclic antidepressants)
E. Cancer – chemotherapy drugs
F. HIV – HAART medication
G. Some heart problems – including digoxin
Other substances taken for non-medical reasons are also the cause of gynecomastia in some men. These include:
A. Anabolic steroids taken for bodybuilding
If a man is taking a drug – either prescribed medication or recreational drugs – they should visit a doctor to discuss whether this might be the cause of the gynecomastia. Medication should not be stopped before speaking with a doctor as this can be dangerous.
There are often different medications which can be tried and can continue to treat the problem without causing breast swelling.
If none of these are being taken, other causes need to be considered. Other causes of changes in hormone levels in the body include:
A. Tumors which secrete hormones
B. Low levels of hormones caused by problems in the pituitary gland (the part of the brain which controls hormone production)
C. Rare genetic disorders such as Kleinfelter’s syndrome
D. An overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
E. Liver disease
F. Kidney disease
Therefore a man who goes to the doctor worried about developing boobs should get a full check-up. The doctor will ask what drugs the man is taking, and any other medical problems they have. They will also examine the man, including the chest area and boobs as well as a more general examination (including the testicles), to rule out any worrying causes of breast enlargement.
Dangerous causes of gynecomastia are rare, but medical help should be sought particularly if the swelling is different on each side, the swelling is painful or lumpy or if there is any fluid discharge from the nipples. Any swelling which persists for a long time or is very distressing for the man should also be discussed with a doctor.
Visit Personiks Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery clinic in Hyderabad for more details about Gynaecomastia Surgery & cost in Hyderabad.